kidney stone 통증


Kidney stones are small, hard mineral deposits that form in the kidneys. These stones can cause excruciating pain when they pass through the urinary tract. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for kidney stone pain.

Causes of Kidney Stone Pain

Kidney stones are usually formed when certain substances, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, accumulate in the urine and form crystals. These crystals can grow larger over time and form into stones. There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing kidney stones, including:

  • Dehydration: Not drinking enough fluids can lead to concentrated urine, making it easier for stones to form.
  • Diet: Consuming a high-sodium, high-protein, or high-oxalate diet can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.
  • Family history: If someone in your family has had kidney stones, you may be more likely to develop them as well.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as urinary tract infections and metabolic disorders, can increase the risk of kidney stones.

Symptoms of Kidney Stone Pain

The symptoms of kidney stone pain can vary depending on the size and location of the stone. Common symptoms include:

  • Intense pain in the back or side, which can radiate to the lower abdomen and groin.
  • Blood in the urine, giving it a pink, red, or brown color.
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Treatment Options for Kidney Stone Pain

Treatment for kidney stone pain depends on the size and location of the stone, as well as the severity of the symptoms. Some common treatment options include:

  • Drinking plenty of fluids: Staying hydrated can help flush out smaller stones from the urinary tract.
  • Pain medication: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
  • Medication to relax the ureters: This can help the stone pass more easily.
  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): This non-invasive procedure uses shock waves to break up the stone into smaller pieces.
  • Ureteroscopy: A thin tube is inserted into the urethra and up into the urinary tract to remove or break up the stone.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove the stone.


Kidney stone pain can be incredibly intense and debilitating. It is important to recognize the symptoms and seek medical attention if you suspect you have kidney stones. With the right treatment, the pain can be managed, and the stones can be effectively treated or removed. Remember to stay hydrated and follow a healthy diet to reduce the risk of kidney stone formation.