zoledronic acid 효능

Zoledronic acid, also known by its brand name Zometa, is a medication commonly used in the treatment of conditions such as osteoporosis, hypercalcemia of malignancy, and bone metastasis. This blog post aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the efficacy and uses of zoledronic acid.

What is Zoledronic Acid?

Zoledronic acid is a type of medication called a bisphosphonate. It works by inhibiting the breakdown of bone and slowing down the rate of bone loss. This helps to prevent bone fractures and improve bone density in individuals with conditions such as osteoporosis.

Efficacy in Osteoporosis Treatment

Zoledronic acid has been extensively studied and proven to be an effective treatment option for osteoporosis. It has been shown to reduce the risk of vertebral, non-vertebral, and hip fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Additionally, it can help increase bone mineral density and improve overall bone health.

Hypercalcemia of Malignancy

Hypercalcemia of malignancy is a condition characterized by high levels of calcium in the blood due to cancer. Zoledronic acid is often used in the management of this condition, as it has the ability to lower calcium levels effectively. It works by inhibiting the activity of osteoclasts, cells responsible for breaking down bone and releasing calcium into the blood.

Bone Metastasis

Bone metastasis occurs when cancer cells spread from their original site to the bones. Zoledronic acid is commonly used in the treatment of bone metastasis, as it can help reduce the risk of skeletal-related events, such as fractures and spinal cord compression. It also has the potential to alleviate bone pain and improve quality of life for individuals with bone metastases.

Administration and Side Effects

Zoledronic acid is typically administered intravenously, usually as a single dose once a year for the treatment of osteoporosis. However, the dosage may vary depending on the specific condition being treated. Common side effects of zoledronic acid include flu-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, and muscle pain. Rare but serious side effects may include osteonecrosis of the jaw and kidney problems.


In conclusion, zoledronic acid is a widely used medication in the treatment of osteoporosis, hypercalcemia of malignancy, and bone metastasis. It has been shown to be effective in reducing fractures, increasing bone mineral density, and managing hypercalcemia associated with cancer. Despite its potential side effects, the benefits of zoledronic acid outweigh the risks for many individuals suffering from these conditions.